Abstracts of №4, 2015
METHOD OF PREPARATION a research sample to determine the structure of syndrome
The article offers a combination of a well-known method of polar types with a new method of allocation from the remaining part of normal distribution of the so-called Cantor multitude which obtained by serial deleting the average center of the sample repeatedly. This makes its structure self-similar (fractal), instead of the mixed average . Such procedure significantly reduces sample for more in-depth study and makes it more structural meaningfully.
Keywords: small samples, set-theoretic approach, overcoming average statistical approach, differentiated structure of mixed states.
NEW TRENDS IN RUSSIAN NARCOLOGY: returning to old methods of involuntary treatment
F.B. Plotkin (Minsk, Belarus)
The paper briefly describes the actual situation associated with drug use in Russian Federation. Some official opinions on desirable return to involuntary treatment are cited. The author describes the Soviet system of Medical-Labour Centers (MLC) where constitutional rights and freedoms of patients were violated in the absence of any therapeutic effect. It is reported about the forthcoming implementation of the State Program on «Comprehensive rehabilitation and resocialization of drug and psychoactive substance consumers», developed by the Federal Drug Control Service. Оn May 25th, 2014 a Federal Law №313 went into effect, according to which a prison transfer of drug users can be substituted with an alternative placement into a specialized rehabilitation center and provision with a free social rehabilitation certificate. The aims of rehabilitation and conditions for their achievement are described. It is reported that detailed rehabilitation process structure is developed, but its potential at the state-of-the-art level is limited. The specialized state structures are insufficient, but there is a quickly growing number of private rehabilitation centers which according to the State Program will be engaged in court-ordered rehabilitation of drug users. Lack of control over these structures’ activities and problems with evaluation of their effectiveness are pointed out. There is a necessity for local authorities to establish strict criteria for the participating centers that provide rehabilitation accepting social certificates. The author expresses doubts that under existing conditions the aims of the State Program might be achieved. The State Program is implemented in Russia disregarding prevention which is considered to be the most effective and cost-efficient measure to reduce the use of psychoactive substances.
Keywords: addiction, State Program «Comprehensive rehabilitation and resocialization of drug and psychoactive substance consumers», Federal Drug Control Service, rehabilitation, Medical-Labour Centers, rehabilitation centers for drug addicts, prevention.
Temporary disposal of the incapable person from the psycho-neurological boarding
The author considers the question of legitimacy of temporary disposal of the incapacitated person from the psycho-neurological boarding that performs custodial functions in relation to this person. She points at misregulating of this issue , which leads to denial to incapable citizens of homestay, leaving on vacation. It is presented the position of the prosecutor’s office and the Supreme Court of Russian Federation on this issue that in fact sanction the violation of human rights of disabled citizens. The normative and judicial practices in the region, as well as legislative initiatives of the Federation Council are analyzed. Proposals to resolve the situation are made.
Keywords: psycho-neurological boarding; rights and responsibilities of a guardian; the human rights of disabled people
On the subject of contemporary domestic clinical psychotherapy with use of spiritual culture
The author presents passages from the works of contemporary Russian psychotherapists to show that domestic psychotherapy can not be similar to the Western, pragmatic one. This is due to other mental, spiritual features of our typical patients.
Keywords: feature of Russian psychotherapy, psychotherapy of people with complex characters, Therapy by means of creative self-expression (M.E. Burno).
Transformational—resource techniques of art-therapy (Altered-book; Fashion-therapy)
Romashkina N.V., Bolshunova S.V.
The article presents two methods of art therapy related to so-called transformational-resource techniques: 1) “Fashion-therapy” by Svetlana Bolshunova is a method for creating and changing accessories and clothing; 2) “Altered-book” presented by Natalia Romashkina is a method of transformation of books. The article describes the historical, artistic, technical and therapeutic aspects of both methods, as well as healing capacities and resource potential.
Key words: art therapy, resource techniques, altered-book, fashion-therapy.