Abstracts of №2, 2015
THE PROBLEM OF NORMALITY IN PSYCHIATRY: PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS
The paper demonstrates that there is impossible to define the notion of mental normality in our dynamically changing culture. The social, commercial and scientific aspects of psychiatry are analyzed. Only in the scientific one there is possible to try to discuss unnormality. The author proposes the notion of adequacy which is the most full and genuine being, with the least possible distortions of the subject’s basic existential relations (to the Others, to the world, to himself, to the transcendence).
Key words: mental normality, culture, adequacy, subject
INVESTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH FACILITY WITH FUNCTIONS OF THE GUARDIAN OF THE INCAPABLE PATIENT
Based on the analysis of legislation and practice it concluded unsettled about laying on psychiatric institutions guardianship responsibilities with respect to incapable patients, a violation of the rights of citizens and their guardians — individuals. Suggestions for improvement of regulatory base are made.
Key words: incapable citizen; psychiatric institution; responsibilities of guardian; responsibilities of the guardianship authorities
ON THE LIMITS AND CONSEQUENCES OF USING MORAL JUDGMENTS IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF PERSONALITY ABNORMALITIES
B.V.Voronkov (St. Petersburg)
The author discusses the role of evolutionary genetics in the development of morality as a product of human evolution, clarifies the possibility of using moral judgments in the diagnosis of psychopathy.
Key words: conscience, psychopathy, evolutionary genetics
V.R.BUTCKE ROLE IN DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN PSYCHIATRY
V.R. Butcke (1845-1903) was one of the most famous psychiatrists and specialist in public health in late XIX — early XX century. He has been undeservedly forgotten in our time. Butcke had an enormous influence on the development of in hospital and community mental health care in Russia. He was the creator of the most advanced psychiatric hospital (Alekseev hospital in Moscow), occupational therapy, nursing service, and other new, more humane forms of medical care to psychiatric patients.
Keywords: history of psychiatry, psychiatric hospital, hospitalization, occupational therapy, nursing, public health.
CONCERNING THE S.Yu.TSIRKIN’S ARTICLE "CONFORMAL BEHAVIOR AS SOCIAL, BIOLOGICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL PHENOMENON"
Sources of conformity and conformism, their social consequences are discussed with prof.S.Yu.Tsyrkin. Causes of misunderstandings of some controversial positions are being clarified.
Key words: noncritical, conformity, social system