Abstracts of №1, 2013
The expansion of inductive approach on example of anxiety-depressive disorders
The work demonstrates that in the main bulk of pharmacological therapeutic publications summarized in concluding work of Prof. S.N.Mosolov in regard to therapy of anxiety-depressive disorders and their co-morbidity has been eliminated the difference between psychotic and non-psychotic disorders, psychotic depressions have been compared with non-psychotic anxiety disorders and researches themselves have been conducted on mixed anxiety-depressive conditions, but not on monomorhous depressive and anxiety syndromes.
In such a case have been unreasonably identified notions of syndrome and cluster as well as co-morbidity of nosological forms and syndrome structures.
In all this is considered the reason for statements about “small productivity” of clinical psychopathological method, which actually had been supplanted by scales, researches only on large extracts and so on instead of in parallel conducted individual researches by phenomenological method on small extracts.
Keywords: co-morbidity of depression and anxiety, therapy of anxiety-depressive disorders, methodology of demonstrative medicine.
Senestopathetic component of a set of symptoms of mental automatism
The extensive frustration of perception of a tactile modality at a set of symptoms of mental automatism testify to presence of its senestopathetic variant. The sensory component of a set of symptoms allows to spend differential diagnostics between a schizophrenia, at which the sensations are more elaborate, more variously and are less colorful, and pathopsyhosises, when the sensations are more colorful, is more sensual and more particularly.
Keywords: set of symptoms of Kandinsky-Clérambaui mental automatism, sensory automatism, senestopathetic automatism, nosological features of a set of symptoms of mental automatism
Some characteristics of aggressiveness in patients with schizophrenia in first psychotic episode
The study identified some characteristics of aggressiveness and aggressive behavior in patients with paranoid schizophrenia in the first psychotic episode. Prevailing forms of aggression in the studied group — suspiciousness, verbal aggression and guilt. Discovered unconscious aggressive tendencies as personality factors involved in the formation of such patterns of behavior, according to the author, can significantly increase the risk of antisocial behavior. Diagnostic complex of studies of aggression in patients with schizophrenia is validated.
Keywords: aggression, schizophrenia, first psychotic episode, propensity for violence, projective techniques
Values of modern society through the eyes of the mentally ill
Concepts of contemporary society are important part of individual value systems. In this article results of studying of value concepts in a group of conditional norm and in a group of people with mental disorders (patients with schizophrenia) are presented. Results of research of values which examinees designated as relatives are also considered. The comparative characteristic of values of modern society (concepts) and subjectively similar values is given. The phenomenon of valuable dissociation in a group of mentally sick examinees is found. Distinctions in subjective preferences of close values are revealed, the hypothesis of the mechanism of cultural and historical lag from norm of components of value system of patients with schizophrenia is made. The analysis of these distinctions allows to open important features of value system of psychiatric patients that allows to formulate new approaches to the theory of rehabilitation and psychotherapy of such patients.
Keywords: subjectively similar values, the values of modern society, value dissociation, the hypothesis of the historical and cultural backwardness of the norm, the rehabilitation of patients with mental disorders
Schizophrenic defect and Psychotherapy by means of the live doctor’s individuality
The article dwells some clear improvement of the quality of the soul life of the patients with final states of schizophrenia – with the help of special methods of Therapy by means of creative self-expression by M. Burno.
Keywords: quality of the soul life, Therapy by means of creative self-expression by M. Burno, schizophrenic defect.
Representation of interests of person under examination during forensic-psychiatric evaluation
The article deals with norms of legal procedure legislation and legislation for forensic-expert activities regulating question of conditions of permissibility of presence of a representative of persons under examinations and other participants at forensic-psychiatric evaluation. The analysis of legislative publications on health care, limiting rights of persons under examination is given.
Keywords: forensic-psychiatric evaluation, rights of persons under examination, representative of person under examination